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The Northern Corridor is a multimodal trade route linking the landlocked countries of the Great Lakes Region with the Kenyan maritime sea port of Mombasa. The Northern Corridor Transit and Transport Agreement (NCTTA) is a treaty coupled with 11 protocols signed in 1985 and revised in 2007 for regional cooperation with a view of facilitating interstate and transit trade, between the Member States of Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Rwanda, and Uganda. South Sudan acceded to the Agreement in 2012.

The NCTTA is a comprehensive agreement with defined 11 Protocols on strategic areas for regional cooperation relating to: Maritime Port Facilities, Routes and Facilities, Customs Controls and Operations, Documentation and Procedures, Transport of Goods by Rail, Transport of Goods by Road, Inland Waterways Transport of Goods, Transport by Pipeline, Multimodal Transport of Goods, Handling of Dangerous Goods and Measures of Facilitation for Transit Agencies, Traders and Employees.

The objectives of the agreement are based on 3 pillars of sustainable transport namely economic pillar aiming at promoting efficient and competitive transport; social pillar with the view to fostering an inclusive transport and the environmental pillar for a green freight transport.

The Northern Corridor Transit and Transport Coordination Authority (NCTTCA) was established and mandated by the Member States to oversee the implementation of the agreement, to monitor its performance and to transform the Northern trade route into an economic development corridor and making the corridor a seamless, efficient, smart and green Corridor. Below is the map of the Northern Corridor Member States.


The Northern Corridor is a multi-modal corridor, encompassing road, rail, pipeline and inland waterways transport. The main road network runs from Mombasa Sea Port through Kenya and Uganda to Kigali in Rwanda, Bujumbura in Burundi and to Kisangani in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The road network also links Kenya and Uganda to Juba in South Sudan. The rail network runs from Mombasa Sea Port through Nairobi, Malaba, and Kampala to Kasese in Western Uganda, close to the border with the Democratic Republic of Congo. A branch line radiates from Nakuru to Kisumu on Lake Victoria, from where rail wagon ferries link the system to Port Bell in Kampala. Another rail branch line runs from Tororo in eastern Uganda to Pakwach in Northern, from where river steamers used to provide links with Nimule in South Sudan. The oil pipeline runs from Mombasa through Nairobi and Nakuru to Kisumu and Eldoret in western Kenya, from where the land locked countries access their fuel imports.