Related Information


The Northern Corridor Transport Network
The Maritime Port of Mombasa
The Road Network
Rail Network
Rail-Lake Transport
Inland Waterways
Inland Container Depots
Oil Pipeline

The Road Network

road-network.jpg

The entire Northern Corridor road network covers approximately 8,800 km across Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, and the DR Congo. Road transport is fully liberalised and accounts for more than 70 per cent of the total transit traffic flow within the Northern Corridor.

Road transport routes
Key transit transport routes are from Mombasa to Bujumbura (the South-West terminus) covering about 2,000 km of road distance, and the Mombasa - Kisangani route which stretches for about 3,000 km. The bulk of imports and exports destined to and from countries in the Corridor are transported through either of these transit routes.

From Kenya to Uganda, the Mombasa - Malaba - Kampala road (1170 km) is preferred due to the relative good quality of the network and availability of social amenities en route. Transit time averages 10 days. The alternative route is Mombasa - Kisumu - Busia - Kampala.

From Uganda to Rwanda, the principal routes are Kampala - Kagitumba - Kigali and Kampala - Gatuna - Kigali, Bujumbura in Burundi is reached from Kampala through Rwanda. Bukavu, Goma and Kisangani are reached from Rwanda and Uganda as well.

From Kenya to Uganda, the Mombasa - Malaba - Kampala road (1170 km) is preferred due to the relative good quality of the network and availability of social amenities en route. Transit time averages 10 days. The alternative route is Mombasa - Kisumu - Busia - Kampala.

From Uganda to Rwanda, the principal routes are Kampala - Kagitumba - Kigali and Kampala - Gatuna - Kigali, Bujumbura in Burundi is reached from Kampala through Rwanda. Bukavu, Goma and Kisangani are reached from Rwanda and Uganda as well.

View NCTA designated transit routes for road traffic
View NCTA main road network

Road Freight
The road freight industry that serves the Northern Corridor has expanded rapidly in recent decades, gaining a large share of the market previously served by rail transport. The vehicle population, particularly cargo fleets, has increased drastically in quantity and brand but not in technical standards.

Most of the transit traffic transportation is within the domain of private sector companies. These are responsible for the transportation of most of the foodstuff, agricultural produce, livestock, industrial products and other freight across the Corridor.

Road conditions
About two thirds of the road network is paved, although the condition is generally poor due to inadequate resources for rehabilitation and maintenance. Overloaded freight vehicles and poor enforcement of axle load regulations further deteriorate the road network and reduce road life spans.


Road projects
Rehabilitation of roads that carry 80 per cent of transit traffic is a big priority for the member States. In Kenya, plans are at an advanced stage to concession the Mombasa-Nairobi-Malaba/Busia road.

The following road sections within the Corridor have been identified for improvement or strengthening:

KENYA

  • Mau Summit – Kisumu - Yala
    Kericho – Kisii – Makuyu - Isebania
  • Mombasa - Bachuma Gate
  • Mtito Andei – Sultan Hamud – Nairobi
  • Malaba

RWANDA

  • Kigali – Nyamata – Nemba – Gasenyi
    Kirundo
  • Gatuna – Kigali – Akanyaru
  • Uganda Malaba – Kampala – Gatuna
  • Kabale – Kisoro – Bunagana
  • Fort Portal – Bundi Budyo

DR Congo

  • Kisangani – Niania
  • Komanda – Beni
  • Burundi Akanyaru - Beni

View The Condition of Roads and Road projects


Axle load controls
Although the NCTA spells out the maximum axle load, gross weight, and vehicle dimensions, axle load controls have been introduced in the Corridor but under different regulations.
The NCTA axle load limits were adopted with minor modifications by COMESA.

View NCTA axle load limits

Harmonization of legislation on axle load controls throughout the region is therefore important in ensuring the maintenance of roads and reducing the enormous costs involved in road building.
Some countries in the region have been sensitizing transporters on the importance of axle load limits in preserving and protecting roads from damage caused by overloading. Some transporters accept the concept and co-operate and have acquired their own equipment in order to check the axle load compliance before they start their journey.

However, there is need to strictly enforce axle load controls by ensuring that the axle configurations conform to gross vehicle mass (GVM) in order to reduce overloading.
In some countries increased compliance with axle load controls has paid back through reduced road maintenance costs; and enhanced life of the road and trucks.

TTCA's focus
TTCA programme activities aim at promoting service standards and enhancing efficiency of the Northern Corridor highway network.

The Permanent Secretariat is collaborating with the East African Community (EAC) to identify the missing road links that will complete a perfect interconnection with the rest of the Northern Corridor network.

Member states are also being encouraged to promote the improvement, upgrading and expansion of the road network; and to adopt common standards for road design, construction and maintenance, and a uniform road classification system. These call for a harmonised road financing policy and management structures, as well as enforcement of harmonised axle load limits and vehicle weights and dimensions.

Other TTCA programmes seek to improve road safety on the network; and to enhance awareness of HIV/AIDS among truck drivers and other vulnerable groups along the Corridor
It is anticipated that the private sector will have an increasing role to play in transporting sector, particularly in the provision of road infrastructure through concessions. The TTCA Secretariat is encouraging private sector participation in local roads councils, and also promoting the involvement of private companies in the design, construction and maintenance of road networks within the Corridor.

View details on Restructuring of Road Sector